An Ethiopian Legend Coffee grown worldwide can trace its heritage back centuries to the ancient coffee forests on the Ethiopian plateau. There, legend says the goat herder Kaldi first discovered the potential of these beloved beans.
- 1 Who first discovered coffee?
- 2 When and where was coffee first discovered?
- 3 What came first tea or coffee?
- 4 Where did coffee come from in the Old West?
- 5 Is coffee made from poop?
- 6 Which country has the best coffee in the world?
- 7 How did coffee get its name?
- 8 What do they call coffee in England?
- 9 What did the British drink before coffee?
- 10 Who invented chai?
- 11 Why did cowboys drink coffee at night?
- 12 How did cowboys drink their coffee?
- 13 Where did Folgers coffee start?
- 14 The discovery of the coffee bean
- 15 Origin in Kaffa
- 16 Reinvention in Arabia
- 17 Who Invented Coffee?
- 18 History of the Invention of Coffee
- 19 Origin of the Name
- 20 Did Coffee Originate in Ethiopia or Yemen?
- 21 Ethiopia’s Coffee Origin Myth
- 22 Ethiopian Coffee History
- 23 Yemen’s Coffee Origin Myths
- 24 Yemen’s Coffee History
- 25 A drink for the devil: 8 facts about the history of coffee
- 25.1 Coffee may have been discovered by ‘excited goats’
- 25.2 It was brewed by a saint from Mocha
- 25.3 Coffee forged a social revolution
- 25.4 It was believed that coffee is ‘sinful’
- 25.5 Coffee was known as ‘the devil’s cup’
- 25.6 Coffee came to England in the mid-17th century
- 25.7 Coffee houses became ‘the first internet’
- 25.8 Coffee was claimed to be a 17th-century ‘Viagra’
- 26 coffee
- 27 History of coffee and how it spread around the world.
- 28 History of Coffee
- 29 Recipe Ideas
- 30 Research Sources
- 31 Meet the Author
- 32 How Coffee Was Discovered: Legends and Lore
- 33 Kaldi and a case of dancing goats
- 34 How a cup of coffee defeated 40 enemies and pleased 40 virgins
- 35 Omar the Healer and his secret healing ingredient
- 36 The tears of the supreme sky God
- 37 Jennifer Lewis
Who first discovered coffee?
Origin in Kaffa Numerous tales tell the story of the discovery of the very first coffee bean and it´s very uniquely invigorating effect. According to a story written down in 1671, coffee was first discovered by the 9th-century Ethiopian goat-herder Kaldi.
When and where was coffee first discovered?
The earliest credible evidence of coffee-drinking or knowledge of the coffee tree appears in the middle of the 15th century in the accounts of Ahmed al-Ghaffar in Yemen. It was here in Arabia that coffee seeds were first roasted and brewed in a similar way to how it is prepared now.
What came first tea or coffee?
Tea’s history dates back to nearly 5000 years ago, making it one of the earliest drinks. It is thought to have been first cultivated in China by Emperor Shen Nung in 2700 BCE. On the other hand, coffee was first discovered in Yemen around 900 CE, almost three thousand years later!
Where did coffee come from in the Old West?
Emigrants wanted ‘grounds’ on their new grounds. In the mid-1800s, as westbound emigrants left behind the Eastern cities where they could buy pre-ground coffee, they brought coffee beans with them, despite the added weight to their wagons.
Is coffee made from poop?
Kopi luwak is coffee made from coffee cherries that have been eaten, digested, and defecated by the Asian palm civet, a small mammal that looks like a cross between a cat and a raccoon. The beans are then cleaned and processed. In the West, kopi luwak has become known as “cat poop coffee.”
Which country has the best coffee in the world?
Colombia is probably the world’s best-known coffee producer and ranks second worldwide in yearly production. A high standard of excellence is maintained with great pride and careful growing on thousands of small family farms across the country.
How did coffee get its name?
The word “coffee” has roots in several languages. In Yemen it earned the name qahwah, which was originally a romantic term for wine. It later became the Turkish kahveh, then Dutch koffie and finally coffee in English. The modern version of roasted coffee originated in Arabia.
What do they call coffee in England?
Because in British usage, tea can also mean a light meal taken in the afternoon. By taking a cup of tea, we are differentiating the action from taking tea. We are not offering to provide a meal. There is no meal called coffee, so a cup of coffee can be considered to be redundant.
What did the British drink before coffee?
Why does England drink more tea than coffee? Before the British East India Company turned its thoughts to tea, Englishmen drank mostly coffee. Within fifty years of the opening of the first coffee house in England, there were two thousand coffee houses in the City of London, alone!
Who invented chai?
Originating from India, Chai is widespread with many household and regional variations. The folklore surrounding Chai dates back to between 5000 and 9000 years ago to an ancient royal court – either India or Siam. It was said that the reigning king created the recipe as a healing Ayurvedic beverage.
Why did cowboys drink coffee at night?
When the weather was bad and sleep was impossible, coffee kept them alert. Trail boss George Duffield wrote that during one storm, his men were in the saddle for 60 hours straight, but “hasty rations” of bread and coffee kept them going.
How did cowboys drink their coffee?
The Cowboy Coffee Tradition Coffee was served as water with every single meal for American cowboys. There would always be a pot boiling on the fire, because that how they liked their coffee served — piping hot. Every supply of coffee was treated as bars of gold and it was cherished and praised by them.
Where did Folgers coffee start?
The precursor of the Folger Coffee Company was founded in 1850 in San Francisco, California, as the Pioneer Steam Coffee and Spice Mills. The founding owner, William H. Bovee, saw an opportunity to produce roasted and ground coffee ready for brewing.
The discovery of the coffee bean
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Origin in Kaffa
It is the subject of several legends that coffee was discovered and brought to the world, as well as its extremely distinctive revitalizing effect. Coffee was first discovered, according to a legend written down in 1671, by the Ethiopian goatherder Kaldi, who lived in the 9th century. In the course of his daily errands across the Ethiopian kingdom of Kaffa with his goats, he became aware that his goats were behaving strangely as they were eating the fruits of a medium-sized, dark green bush with yellow and red berries.
Having followed his curiosity, he took some of those stimulating “magic berries” with him to the next monastery, where he was given an explanation about how they worked by the chaplain of the monastery.
The monks were enchanted when the distinctive and aromatic fragrance of roasted coffee wafted up from the fire a little time later.
The prophet Mohammed’s life is told in a different way in an alternate account.
In a flash, the Archangel Gabriel dropped from the heavens, carrying some hot, freshly brewed coffee to Mohammed, allowing him to continue with his prayers.
Reinvention in Arabia
There are almost as many different versions of the story of the discovery of coffee as there are various types of coffee available today. What we do know for certain is that coffee has been consumed by people from all over the world for a very long period. People in Kaffa first began consuming coffee berries around one thousand years ago. They either consumed raw coffee berries or processed them into a stiff dough made from animal fat and fleshed coffee beans, which they then consumed. Despite the fact that Kaffa is often considered to be the birthplace of coffee, the Ethiopian region that has the same name is not responsible for the nomenclature of the beverage.
They were also the first to produce coffee plants in Yemen, and they were the first to establish coffee plantations in the country.
From the discovery of the very first specimen ofCoffea arabica all the way through to its refining and development into the Italian Espresso that we know today, coffee has traveled a long, successful, and quite intriguing path.
Who Invented Coffee?
Coffee is said to have originated in Yemen, which is located in the Middle East. Every year, approximately 400 billion cups of coffee are consumed throughout the world, making it one of the most popular beverages on the planet. On a daily basis, around 450 million cups of coffee are consumed in the United States alone. According to estimates, around 107 million people in the country use coffee on a daily basis. Known as coffee, the beverage is made by brewing coffee beans, which are obtained from a plant species known as coffee.
It is a member of the sunflower family.
In the world of coffee, two varieties are available: Arabica and Robusta.
History of the Invention of Coffee
However, despite the fact that the coffee plant is native to tropical Africa, notably Sudan and Ethiopia, the practice of drinking coffee as a beverage appears to have begun in Yemen around 1550, in the Sufi Shrines. It was at this location that the coffee berries were first roasted and brewed in a manner close to how the beverage is produced nowadays. The coffee seeds, on the other hand, were transported from East Africa to Yemen by way of Somali traders. There are a number of different stories about who developed coffee and when it happened.
- Sheikh also noticed an increase in vigor after eating the same berries as the rest of the group.
- Omar was once exiled to the desert caverns near Ousab, where he was stranded for days without sustenance.
- While roasting the berries, he discovered that they became too hard for him to eat, and so he threw them in the trash.
- Following his ingestion of the liquid, he experienced a surge of energy that lasted for many days.
- Another tradition claims that the Oromo people’s forefathers were responsible for the creation of coffee.
- They decided to study it further.
They would drink the coffee and walk for days without stopping to eat anything. Kaldi, a mythical Ethiopian Sufi goatherd who lived in Ethiopia around the 9th century, is also credited with discovering coffee after observing his goats become aroused after eating beans from a coffee plant.
Origin of the Name
- The term coffee may have sprung from Keffa Zone, which was the name of the place where coffee berries were originally utilized by herders either in the 6th or 9th centuries, depending on which source you believe is correct. Keffa Zone is an area in southern Ethiopia that is home to a number of ethnic groups. The term “coffee” first appeared in the English language in 1582, when the Dutch word “koffie” was introduced. The term “coffee pot” was first used in 1705, and the phrase “coffee break” was first used in 1953.
Did Coffee Originate in Ethiopia or Yemen?
Coffee has played a significant role in both Ethiopian and Yemenite cultural history. Historically, coffee has held cultural value for as long as 14 centuries, when it was found in Yemen, whether intentionally or unintentionally (or Ethiopia. depending on who you ask). Ethiopia and Yemen are both considered to be the birthplace of coffee, and each nation has its own set of myths, tales, and facts concerning the beverage’s origins.
Ethiopia’s Coffee Origin Myth
The most prominent coffee mythology in Ethiopia is generally something along the lines of the following: Kaldi, a goat herder from Kaffa, was herding his goats one day in a highland area near an Abyssinian monastery when the incident occurred. The goats began to hop around, almost as if they were dancing, and bleat loudly, which was unusual behavior for the rest of his group. It was a little bush (or, according to other accounts, a cluster of shrubs) that Kaldi discovered to be the cause of all the excitement.
- The goat herder was taken aback by his discovery, and he quickly stuffed his pockets with cash before returning home to tell his wife.
- While visiting the monastery, Kaldi did not receive the warmest of welcomes.
- According to folklore, the monks were drawn to the roasting beans because of the perfume that floated up from the ovens above them.
- More monks were drawn to this freshly brewed coffee because of its fragrant scent.
- They swore to consume it on a regular basis as a help to their religious devotions and to keep them alert during prayer services.
Ethiopian Coffee History
Because the narrative did not first appear in writing until 1671 and most stories place Kaldi’s birth around 850, it is difficult to determine how much is true and how much is myth. Despite the fact that Kaldi’s account does not correspond to the widely believed assumption that coffee farming in Ethiopia began during the 9th century (the Yemenite origin points to an earlier date). Aside from that, the goat tale of Kaffa implies that both the stimulant properties of coffee and the beverage potential of coffee were discovered on the same day.
- Traditionally, powdered beans were blended into a thick paste with ghee (clarified butter) or animal fat and then molded into little balls, according to some scholars.
- Some historians think that enslaved Sudanese introduced the practice of chewing coffee beans (together with the coffee bean itself) from Kaffa to Harrar and Arabia, where they established it.
- It is still customary in some parts of Kaffa and Sidamo to eat ground coffee with ghee, which dates back centuries.
- At some point in the 10th century, numerous indigenous Ethiopian tribes consumed coffee in a form that was comparable to that of oatmeal.
- Some tribes fermented coffee cherries into a form of wine, while others roasted, crushed, and boiled the beans to make a decoction out of the beans themselves.
- When coffee first became popular in the Islamic world around the 13th century, it was brewed stronger and more intensely, much like herbal decoctions were back then.
In this state, it was treasured as an effective medicinal and a potent prayer aid, and it was considered sacred. Ethiopian coffee, Turkish coffee, and Greek coffee are all examples of coffee that is boiled in the traditional manner.
Yemen’s Coffee Origin Myths
Yemen is also home to a coffee origin myth (or two), as well as a well-founded claim to the beverage’s true historical origins and development. When compared to the Kaldi story, the first mythology from Yemen is quite simple and straightforward. However, in an odd twist, it claims that Ethiopia is the place where coffee originated: During his journey to Ethiopia, the Yemenite Sufi mystic Ghothul Akbar Nooruddin Abu al-Hasan al-Shadhili was presumed to be discussing spiritual things. When he got close to the bunnplant, he noticed several highly active birds who had been feasting on the fruit (known elsewhere as the coffee plant).
- Yemen is the source of the second coffee origin myth, which says that coffee originated there.
- According to one narrative, this exile was imposed as a result of some form of moral offense.
- After treating her, he made the decision to “keep” her (you may read that whichever you want), and as a result, he was exiled by the king.
- Following his desperate cry for direction from his master, Schadheli, according to one version of the story, the bird brought him a branch carrying coffee cherries from which he drank.
- He put the berries into the fire, hoping that the bitterness would be eliminated.
- Omar then made an attempt to soften their hearts.
- He found the drink to be refreshing and went on to tell others about his experience.
- As soon as the roasted coffee cherries were removed, the “soup” transformed into something that was very close to the beverage we know as coffee.
- In the end, his banishment was removed, and he was instructed to return to his home with the berries he’d found.
It didn’t take long before coffee was heralded as a miraculous medication and Omar was lauded as a saint. At memory of Omar, a monastery was established in Mocha.
Yemen’s Coffee History
Despite the fact that there are several tales of coffee history reaching back to the ninth century and earlier, the oldest convincing evidence of humans interacting with the coffee plant dates back to the middle of the fifteenth century. This is the time period during which it was drunk in Yemeni Sufi monasteries. This beverage was used by monks in order to keep attentive during their nightly devotions and lengthy hours of prayer. Ethiopian coffee beans were first sold to Yemen, according to common consensus.
Yemen is also the origin of the name “mocha,” which means “coffee.” While it is most commonly linked with chocolate-flavored coffee beverages, such as themocha latte, it was initially used to refer to the Yemeni city of Mocha, which is located on the country’s Red Sea coastline.
In Europe, awareness of coffee (as well as the erroneous term “mocha”) did not become widespread until the seventeenth century.
A drink for the devil: 8 facts about the history of coffee
Coffee has been used for a variety of purposes throughout history, ranging from spiritual intoxication to sensual stimulation. In his diaries, diarist Samuel Pepys frequently mentions the coffee cafes of 17th-century London; in addition, the drink was the subject of a ‘women’s petition’ in which the drink was characterized as “bitter, stinking, sickening pool water.” Author Paul Chrystal, who wrote the book Coffee: A Drink for the Devil, offers eight interesting facts about the discovery of coffee and delves into the history of Britain’s fascination with the’sinful’ beverage.
Coffee may have been discovered by ‘excited goats’
In ninth-century Ethiopia, legend has it that Kaldi, a lonely goat herder, discovered the energizing and revitalizing benefits of coffee when he noticed his goats growing happy after eating some berries from a bush near his home. Kaldi informed the abbot of the nearby monastery of the situation, and the abbot came up with the idea of drying and boiling the berries to make a beverage out of them. He put the berries into the fire, and the distinct scent of what we now know as coffee wafted over the night air as a result of his actions.
The abbot and his monks discovered that the beverage kept them awake for lengthy periods of time, which was ideal for men who spent long hours in prayer.
A Yemenite Sufi mystic by the name of Ghothul Akbar Nooruddin Abu al-Hasan al-Shadhili claims to have witnessed berry-eating birds soaring over his hamlet with exceptional vigor, which he attributes to the discovery of coffee.
When he tried some of the berries that had been thrown away, he noticed that he was abnormally alert as well.
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It was brewed by a saint from Mocha
Another version of the story has it that coffee was found by a sheik named Omar, who was a devotee of the Sufi saint mentioned above. A desert cave near Ousab served as his home while Omar was exiled from Mocha (Arabia Felix in present-day Yemen). Omar was well-known for his capacity to treat the ill via prayer while in Mocha. A little hungry, Omar nibbled some berries one day, only to discover that they were bitter. It took him a while to figure out how to cook them without making them hard; eventually, he tried boiling them, which produced a fragrant brown liquid that, in an instant, gave him unnatural and amazing vitality, allowing him to stay awake for days on end.
- Thousands of pilgrims from around the Muslim world travel to Mecca each year, boosting the beverage’s reputation as the “wine of Araby” to new heights.
- Yemeni traders brought coffee back from Ethiopia and began growing it for their own consumption.
- During their nightly devotions, they also utilized it to keep themselves attentive and awake.
- Syria, 1841: Cafés on a branch of the Barrada River (the old Pharpar), Damascus, Syria This is an excerpt from John Carne’s ‘Syria, the Holy Land, and Asia Minor’, volume I of his work, which was published by Fisher, Son, and Company in London in 1841.
Coffee was such a potent force that it was instrumental in bringing about a social revolution. Coffee was used in the home as a domestic beverage, but it was also consumed at the ubiquitous public coffee shops –qahveh khaneh– that sprung up in villages, towns, and cities across the Middle East and east Africa. Coffee was also consumed in the home as a domestic beverage. These coffee cafes quickly gained popularity and were the go-to destination for those looking to socialize. Coffee drinking and discussion were accompanied by a variety of forms of entertainment, including musical performances, dancing, chess games, and, most importantly, gossiping, debating, and discussing the latest breaking news of the day, among other things (or night).
Soon afterward, these coffee cafes earned the moniker of’schools of wisdom,’ since they were the go-to places for those who wanted to know what was going on in the world. It had been shown that there was a connection between coffee and intellectual life.
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It was believed that coffee is ‘sinful’
Like alcohol, coffee has a long history of prohibition, inspiring dread and distrust, as well as religious uneasiness and hypocrisy, among those who consume it. If the religious extremists (of all faiths) had gotten their way, there would not be many coffee shops open in the United States today. In 1511, a conference of jurists and academics in Mecca voted to prohibit the use of coffee. In the Meccan Empire, the resistance was led by the governor Khair Beg, who was concerned that coffee would foment opposition to his reign by bringing men together and allowing them to debate his shortcomings.
The drink was declared sinful (haraam), but the debate over whether it was intoxicating or not continued for the next 13 years until the ban was finally lifted in 1524 by an order of the Ottoman Turkish Sultan Selim I, with Grand Mufti Mehmet Ebussuud el-madi issuing an afatwa allowing coffee to be consumed once more.
In 1532, a similar prohibition was imposed in Cairo, which resulted in the looting of coffee establishments and coffee warehouses.
Featured image courtesy of Leemage/Corbis via Getty Images 5
Coffee was known as ‘the devil’s cup’
It did not take long for coffee to reach the short distance to the European mainland, where it was first landed in Venice, thanks to the profitable commerce the city enjoyed with its Mediterranean neighbours. After that, the coffee trade spread throughout the continent. Coffee, on the other hand, was first received with the distrust and religious intolerance that it had experienced in the Middle East and Turkey. The word on the street, which was flowing back from daring European adventurers who had ventured into the distant and magical realms of the east, was that there was an equally mysterious, exotic, and intoxicating liquor to be found.
Pope Clement VIII had to step in to quell the uproar, tasting coffee for himself and declaring that it was certainly a Christian beverage as well as an Islamic one after much deliberation.
we should deceive the devil by baptism!” Because to this reputation, coffee has been referred to as “the devil’s drink” or “the devil’s cup.” c.1600, Pope Clement VIII of Rome.
Coffee came to England in the mid-17th century
A Jewish nobleman called Jacob, according to Samuel Pepys, built England’s first coffee establishment in Oxford in 1650 at The Angel in the parish of St Peter in the east, in the structure that is now known as The Grand Cafe. St Michael’s Alley, near St Michael at Cornhill’s graveyard, was the site of London’s first coffee establishment, which opened its doors in 1652. In 1672, a Greek man named Pasqua Rosée opened a coffee business in Paris, which was also owned by Pasqua Rosée. A visit to a London coffee house by Pepys took place on December 10, 1660.
(Photo courtesy of Carolyn Eaton/Alamy Stock Photo) 7
Coffee houses became ‘the first internet’
For Pepys – and many other literate men – the coffee shop served as both his newspaper and his internet connection. “The comet seen in various places” (15 December 1664) and the “danger of the plague rising upon us. and of medicines against it” (15 December 1664) are all mentioned in his journals as recent developments in the struggle with the Dutch (24 May 1665). In his journal entry for the 3rd of November 1663, Samuel Pepys speaks to a variety of conversations, including ones on the Roman Empire, the difference between being awake and dreaming, and a debate about insects.
Some establishments even provided a bed and breakfast for overnight guests.
Featured image courtesy of Hulton Archive/Getty Images.
Coffee was claimed to be a 17th-century ‘Viagra’
Women were barred from coffee houses unless they were prostitutes, and they expressed their displeasure in writing: in An Essay in Defence of the Female Sexin 1696, an outraged Mary Astell wrote: “A coffee house habitué is someone who lodges at home, but he lives at the coffee-house.” The newspapers, magazines, and votes serve as much of a medium of communication for him than his shop-books, and his continual application to the general public diverts him from his responsibility for his own residence.
Even if he is constantly settling the nation, he would never be able to govern his own family.” The virulentThe Women’s Petition Against Coffee, published in 1674, argued that wives’ husbands were absent from the home and family, neglecting their domestic duties – “turning Turk,” and all for “a little base, black, thick, nasty, bitter, stinking, nauseous puddle water.” Astell was simply echoing the sentiments of all the other wives left at home with their chores and cups of tea.
(Image courtesy of Hulton Archive/Getty Images) ) As a result of coffee, she claimed, “man became as unproductive as the deserts from where that unfortunate berry is alleged to have sprung, so that the descendants of our strong forefathers dwindled into an unending succession of orangutans and porcupines.” She was alluding to erectile difficulties as a result of the “noxious puddle” in her neighborhood.
The Maiden’s Complaint Against Coffeepamphlet, published in 1663, provided further detail on these assertions.
On the other side, coffee served as “the Viagra of the day,” causing “the erection to be more robust, the ejaculation to be more full, and the sperm to be given a spiritual ascendency.” Pfizer could not have found a better spokesperson for their products.
‘Coffee: A Drink for the Devil,’ written by Paul Chrystal, was released by Amberley Publishing in 2016. This article was first published by History Extra in October 2016 and has since been updated.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is coffee?
Coffee is a beverage made from the roasted and ground seeds of tropicalevergreencoffee plants that are said to have originated in Africa. Coffee, along with water and tea, is one of the world’s most popular beverages, as well as one of the most profitable international commodities. Despite the fact that coffee provides the base for an unlimited variety of beverages, its widespread appeal may be traced mostly to the energizing effect provided by caffeine, an alkaloid found in the beverage. Almost all of the world’s coffee consumption is supplied by two types of coffee plants:Coffea arabica andC.
- Compared to Robusta, which is the primary type of C.
- It grows at higher elevations (2,000–6,500 feet), requires a lot of moisture, and has very precise shade requirements.
- It grows best in a mild subtropical environment with little humidity.
- The Robusta bean, which is rounder and more convex than the other beans, is more hardy and may be grown at lower elevations, as its name indicates (fromsea levelto 2,000 feet).
- Robusta coffee is produced in large quantities in Western and Central Africa, Southeast Asia, and Brazil.
- One of the numerous tales surrounding the discovery of coffee is the story of Kaldi, an Arab goatherd who was perplexed by the peculiar actions of his flock and set out to find out what they were.
- Whatever the true origins of coffee, its stimulating impact has unquestionably contributed to its widespread popularity.
The consumption of coffee expanded fast among Arabs and their neighbors, despite the prospect of heavy fines, and even gave rise to a new social and cultural institution known as the coffeehouse.
There are several stories of it being prohibited or approved as a religious, political, and medicinal remedy, all of which are documented.
a coffeehouse in seventeenth-century England Painting from 1668 depicting an English coffeehouse under the Restoration.
courtesy of the Lordprice Collection/Alamy For over three centuries, until the end of the 17th century, the world’s limited supply of coffee was sourced almost completely from the Yemeni region in southern Arabia.
The Hawaiian Islands were the first to cultivate coffee, which happened in 1825.
It was during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries that industrial roasting and grinding machines became commonplace, vacuum-sealed containers for ground roasts were invented, and decaffeination methods for green coffee beans were discovered and developed.
Coffee has a long and illustrious history, which you can read about here. plantation of coffee Guatemalan laborer laboring on a coffee plantation in the country’s interior. Photograph courtesy of Tomas Hajek/Dreamstime.com
History of coffee and how it spread around the world.
In addition to a white bloom with a jasmine scent and a red, cherry-like fruit, the coffee plant, which was found in Ethiopia in the 11th Century, features a green leaf. For a while, the leaves of the so-called “magical fruit” were cooked in water, and the resulting brew was believed to possess medical virtues. As the coffee plant’s popularity spread to other areas, it was about to go on a centuries-long journey that would take it all over the world.
The expansion of coffee over the Arabian Peninsula was rapid. Yemen was the first country in the world to cultivate coffee in the mid-14th century, and for the next 300 years, Yemenis drank their coffee according to a recipe that originated in Ethiopia. Yemen’s climate and good soil provided the ideal circumstances for generating abundant coffee harvests, which were exported worldwide.
While stationed in Yemen, Zdemir Pasha, the Ottoman Governor of Yemen, became acquainted with the beverage and brought it to Istanbul in 1555 under the reign of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent. While there, he developed a fondness for the beverage. A novel way to consume coffee was developed in the Ottoman palace: the beans were roasted over an open fire, finely ground, and then boiled with water over the ashes of a charcoal fire until they were soft and fragrant. With the introduction of a new brewing process and scent, coffee’s notoriety quickly expanded around the world.
The post of Chief Coffee Maker (kahvecibaş) has been added to the list of court officials, which was previously incomplete.
Several Chief Coffee Makers ascended through the ranks of the Ottoman Empire to become Grand Viziers to the Sultan, according to the chronicles of Ottoman history.
In a short period of time, the beverage gained popularity among the residents of Istanbul.
Coffee was then prepared by grinding the beans in mortars and brewing it in coffeepots known as “cezve.” The creation of coffeehouses was responsible for the majority of the general population being familiar with coffee; the first coffeehouse (called Kiva Han) opened in the area of Tahtakale and others quickly sprang up all throughout the city, gaining widespread popularity.
Turkey’s coffee quickly spread throughout Europe and then throughout the entire world as a result of the efforts of merchants and visitors who went through Istanbul.
Europeans had their first taste of coffee in 1615, when a group of Venetian merchants who had visited Istanbul and gotten acquainted with the beverage brought it back to their home country. To begin with, lemonade merchants on the street offered the beverage; nevertheless, it wasn’t until 1645 that the first coffeehouse opened its doors in Italy. Coffeehouses quickly sprung up all across the nation, and, like in many other countries, they quickly became a gathering place for people from all walks of life, particularly artists and students, to get together and talk about their own interests.
Monsieur de la Roque, the French ambassador to Marseilles, was responsible for bringing the first coffee beans to the city, as well as the equipment necessary to brew and serve the beverage, in 1644.
Hoşsohbet N ktedan S leyman Aa, an envoy dispatched by Sultan Mehmet IV to the court of King Louis XIV of France, was responsible for introducing coffee to the city of Paris in 1669. Among the Ottoman ambassador’s valuables were many bags of coffee, which he referred to as a “wonderful beverage” in his correspondence with the French. Sleyman Aa quickly rose through the ranks of Parisian high society to become its favorite. Having been asked to have a cup of Turkish Coffee with S leyman Aa, the nobility of Paris saw it as a tremendous honor.
When it came to coffee, the ambassador had an endless supply of stories to tell, earning him the nickname “Hoşsohbet,” which translates as “raconteur.” Caf de Procope, the world’s first authentic coffeehouse, opened its doors in Paris in 1686.
Many great personalities, including Rousseau, Diderot, and Voltaire, were drawn to the Caf de Procope by the aroma of the coffee.
The Second Siege of Vienna came to a conclusion on this date in 1683. As the Turks withdrew, they left their surplus supplies behind as a precaution. A huge number of tents, cattle, food, and around 500 bags of coffee were among the items left behind by the survivors. The unusual contents of the bags baffled the citizens of Vienna, who had no clue what to make of them. After hearing that the coffee beans were camel fodder, a captain from Vienna made the decision to drop the bags of coffee beans into the Danube.
His effective espionage services throughout the siege led to him requesting the bags of coffee, with which he was quite accustomed, as payment for his services.
Soon after, he was instructing the citizens of Vienna on how to prepare and enjoy the beverage.
As a result, the city of Vienna became familiar with coffee. Many other nations have followed in the footsteps of the Viennese coffeehouses that arose during this time period, including the United States and Canada.
When a Turk brought the beverage to Oxford in 1637, it marked the beginning of England’s relationship with coffee. It immediately gained popularity among students and instructors, leading to the formation of the “Oxford Coffee Club.” The “Angel” was the name of the first coffeehouse in Oxford, which opened its doors in 1650. In 1652, a Greek called Pasqua Ros e founded the first coffeehouse in London, which is still in operation today. He educated and introduced his friends and clients to Turkish Coffee, relying on his in-depth understanding of the beverage’s preparation and brewing techniques.
Coffee shops were termed “Penny Universities” by the common public because they were frequented by authors, painters, poets, attorneys, politicians, and philosophers, among others.
The admission charge of one cent allowed customers to benefit from this intellectual conversation.
The history of coffee in Holland is rather different from that of other nations, owing to the fact that the Dutch were more concerned with coffee as a trading commodity than with coffee as a beverage for a long period of time. Yemen was the first country to import coffee into the country, which happened in the 17th century. The Dutch were the first to cultivate coffee in their colonies. Coffee beans were first cultivated on the island of Java in 1699, laying the groundwork for the development of Indonesia’s coffee farms.
The first coffeehouses in the Netherlands were established in the 1660s.
Because they were concentrated mostly in the financial areas of Dutch towns, these establishments came to be recognized as locations where merchants and financiers met to conduct commercial transactions.
Germany became the first country to import coffee in 1675. Around Hamburg, Bremen, and Hanover, the first coffeehouses opened their doors in 1679-1680. Initially, coffee was seen as a beverage reserved for the upper classes. Coffee was not introduced to the middle and lower classes until the early 18th century, and it was only much later that it became popular for people to prepare and consume it in their own homes. Given that coffeehouses were primarily the realm of males, middle-class women began to organize their own “coffee clubs.” Leipzig, Germany, is home to the oldest coffee establishment in Europe, second only to the Caf Procope in Paris in terms of age.
- Throughout the next three centuries, many famous figures gathered here to sip the popular drink and to network with one another.
- Hoffmann, and Wagner were frequently spotted entering and exiting the building.
- Between 1828 and 1844, Robert Schumann would gather with friends in the Schumann Room, which is located on the ground level.
- Revolutionaries like as Blum, Liebknecht, and Bebel used Coffe Baum as a second living room, as did other revolutionary figures.
- The sandstone sculpture that hangs above the entryway to Coffe Baum is particularly well-known.
- It represents the coming together of the Christian western civilization with the Islamic East in its design.
On the third level, you’ll find one of the world’s most important coffee museums, which is a must-see. Over 15 rooms, more than 500 carefully selected exhibits representing 300 years of Saxony’s coffee and cultural heritage are on display.
In 1668, the first shipment of coffee arrived in North America. “The King’s Arms,” the first coffeehouse in New York City, opened its doors in 1696. The Dutch gifted Louis XIV with a coffee seedling from one of their Javanese coffee farms in 1714. The seedling was planted at the Jardin des Plantes, which is located in the heart of Paris. One of these saplings was brought to the island of Martinique by a French mariner called Gabriel du Clieu in 1723 from Paris’ Jardin des Plantes. As a result of its introduction here, the coffee plant expanded to other Caribbean islands, as well as Central and South America and Africa.
Currently, Brazil is the world’s leading producer of coffee, accounting for 35 percent of total worldwide coffee output.
By the middle of the nineteenth century, coffee had risen to become one of the most significant commodities in international trade.
MOBILE TURKISH COFFEE TRUCK IN 2013
Turkish Coffee World was one of the proud sponsors of this cultural event, which took place in Istanbul, Turkey.
History of Coffee
Tori Avey’s website, ToriAvey.com, delves into the history of food, including why we eat what we eat, how recipes from different cultures have changed, and how dishes from the past may inspire us in the kitchen today. Learn more about Tori and The History Kitchen by visiting their website. Coffee is the most valuable legally traded commodity in the world, second only to oil in terms of value. Despite its popularity and widespread use, we consume large volumes of alcohol. Approximately 2.25 billion cups of coffee are drank each day throughout the world, according to estimates.
- metropolis, which explains why it appears as though there is a Starbucks on every corner in Manhattan.
- Coffee is a daily routine for millions of people all over the world, and it is consumed in many forms.
- Coffee’s origins are shrouded in mystery and mythology, as is the case with most foods that have been around for hundreds of years or more.
- A similar reaction occurred when Kaldi attempted to consume the fruit on his own.
- Of course, they would have been responding to the large dosage of caffeine in the coffee beverage.
- Before coffee became our go-to morning beverage, it emerged in a number of various forms and preparations, including tea.
- The coffee bean may be located in the heart of the red coffee fruit.
It was once thought that the fermented pulp might be used to produce a wine-like beverage, but it turns out that a similar beverage was once thought to be manufactured from the cacao fruit, before the invention of chocolate, demonstrating that people are particularly excellent at inventing new ways to consume.
- Not until the 13th century did humans begin to roast coffee beans, which was the first step in what is now known as the process of producing coffee in its modern form.
- In Yemen, it was given the nameqahwah, which was originally used as a romantic phrase for wine to describe the fruit.
- Arabia is where the contemporary kind of roasted coffee had its start.
- The Arabs were able to establish a monopoly on coffee harvests by parching and boiling the beans, leaving them infertile.
- It is believed that until the 1600s, not a single coffee plant existed outside of Arabia or Africa.
- A new and competitive European coffee trade was born as a result of Baba’s beans.
- The first coffee plantations were established in the Caribbean by the French, followed by the Spanish in Central America, and the Portuguese in Brazil.
The consumption of a cup of coffee and a baguette or croissant at one of the countless coffee cafés scattered across Paris has now become mandatory for Parisians.
The American Civil War and subsequent battles that followed contributed to the rise in coffee consumption, as troops relied on the caffeine to give them a burst of energy while on the battlefield.
Theodore Roosevelt, who is said to have consumed a gallon of coffee every day, is considered to be one of the greatest coffee drinkers in American history.
By the late 1800s, coffee had established itself as a valuable commodity on a global scale, and entrepreneurs began exploring for new methods to profit from the popular beverage.
The Arbuckle brothers began selling pre-roasted coffee in paper bags by the pound when they opened their first store in 1873.
Following in his footsteps, James Folger began selling coffee to gold miners in California not long afterward.
In the 1960s, there was a growing understanding of the importance of speciality coffee, which resulted in the establishment of the first Starbucks in Seattle in 1971.
Coffee, like wine, has evolved into an artistic trade that is valued for the complexity of its flavors and the terroir in which it is grown.
Here are six dishes that are inspired by coffee that will introduce you to some fresh ways of consuming this ancient beverage.
Mexican Coffee on PBS’s Food Network The Shiksa in the Kitchen: Cupcakes made with coffee cake A Perfect Iced Coffee Recipe from The Pioneer Woman Simply Recipes:Walnut Mocha Torte Vietnamese Coffee Popsicles: A Spicy Take on the Classic Recipe Preparing dinner on the weekends: Grilled Coffee Balsamic Flank Steak
“Coffee.” The National Geographic Society National Geographic Society, n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2013. National Geographic Society Alan Davidson’s full name is Alan Davidson (2006). The Oxford Companion to Food is a collection of essays about food written by scholars from throughout the world. Oxford University Press is based in the United Kingdom. The Evolution of Coffee Culture in the United States. Devin Hahn directed the film, which can be found on Smithsonian.com. Smithsonian Media, n.d. [on the internet].
- “Maxwell House Coffee — “Good to the Last Drop!” is a motto at Maxwell House.
- Accessed on the 8th of March, 2013, via Theodore Roosevelt Association.
- Regulatory, market, and consumption trends in the global coffee chain are discussed in “The “Latte Revolution.” Accessed on March 30, 2013, from World Development (Elsevier Science Ltd.).
- Smith is the author of this work (2007).
- New York: Oxford University Press.
Meet the Author
Tori Avey is a culinary writer and recipe developer who is also the founder of the website ToriAvey.com. She delves into the history of food, including why we eat what we eat, how meals from different cultures have changed, and how food from the past may serve as inspiration for us in the kitchen right now. Among the websites where Tori’s food writing and photography have featured are CNN, Bon Appetit, Zabar’s, Williams-Sonoma, Yahoo Shine, Los Angeles Weekly, and The Huffington Post, among others.
How Coffee Was Discovered: Legends and Lore
For many of us, coffee is the single most important elixir we can consume to get our day started. These magic beans transform us into fully functioning human beings; otherwise, well, let’s just say the zombies would take over. When compared to those who do not get a proper morning caffeine boost, The Walking Dead appears to be mild. We have become so reliant on our daily fix that Dunkin’ Donuts has built an entire marketing campaign around our crazed obsession with them. It is estimated that 150 million Americans drink coffee every day, or roughly half the population, and that the coffee industry generated approximately $225.2 billion in revenue in 2015.
At least on a per capita basis, American coffee consumption pales in comparison to countries such as Finland and Sweden, where it is virtually unheard of not to be a regular coffee drinker.
Were Kaldi and his dancing goats real, or was he just one of many legends about the origins of coffee that have been passed down through the generations?
The thing is — no one really knows for sure.
There are a plethora of theories, as well as some intriguing folklore, surrounding the discovery of coffee. So, pour your favorite coffee beverage (or coffee beer, no judgments) and read on as we dive into the strange tales and legends behind the beloved drink’s mysterious origin.
Kaldi and a case of dancing goats
The oldest and most common myth about the birth of coffee takes place in Ethiopia about 850 AD, when Kaldi, a goatherd, notices his flock eating brilliant red berries from an unknown tree. This is the story that started it all. Upon approaching the herd of goats, Kaldi was astonished to see that the miraculous fruit had converted the stoic animals into dancing, gorgeous beings. Kaldi was intrigued by what he discovered and carried the berries to a neighboring monastery, where the monks began brewing the world’s first cup of coffee.
The word about this highly regarded stimulant continued to spread and finally reached other regions of the world, culminating in the worldwide phenomenon that continues to exist today.
How a cup of coffee defeated 40 enemies and pleased 40 virgins
Muslims believe that Muhammad himself had a pleasant encounter while sipping the magical beverage, as legend has it that the Archangel Gabriel visited him and gifted him with the enigmatic potion that gave him the strength to continue on his journey, which would culminate in the slaughter of 40 enemies and the conquest of 40 virgins. Even today, coffee is extensively drank throughout most of the Arab world, and it is closely connected with Muhammad, who is commemorated each year on his birthday with a large celebration.
Omar the Healer is a healer.
Omar the Healer and his secret healing ingredient
During his days in Yemen, Omar the Healer worked as a physician’s assistant, treating the ill via meditation and prayer. Having been expelled from his village of Mocha for reasons that have remained a mystery to this day, Omar was forced to subsist on a diet of strange redberries that he had discovered. Having found their flavor to be too harsh, he roasted the berries and drank the water in which he had cooked them while doing so. When word reached Mocha that Omar had survived his exile as a result of the manufacture of some sort of mystical concoction, he was quickly invited back to the city.
Omar was hailed as a local hero and even elevated to the status of a saint as a result of his discoveries.
The tears of the supreme sky God
The Oromo are one of the main Cushitic-speaking ethnicities in Ethiopia, and they have their own version of the story of how coffee was found in the first place. According to old traditions, the God Waqa produced the first coffee beans from his very own eyes after being forced to sentence one of his devoted followers to death for a crime he had committed. The Oromo believe that, while other plants can grow and flourish in the presence of sunlight and rain, it is only the coffee beans that will sprout when a God sheds tears over them.
Despite the fact that we may never know for certain when or how coffee was developed, there’s nothing quite like some good old myths and stories to keep things fresh and intriguing.
Who knows what the future holds? Perhaps coffee beans were manifested from an old deity, or they may have played a crucial role in the cure of a whole region of ailing people in Yemen. We have learned something from the year 2020: nothing in this world appears too odd to be believed anymore.
Jennifer Lewis is a contributing editor for the Coffee or Die blog. She lives in Los Angeles. In addition to being a freelance writer with a focus on true crime, entertainment, and culture, Jennifer is an experienced media relations manager in the music industry. She is also a native New Yorker. She’s traveled the world in search of her own tale, but she’s also listened to the stories of others who are eager to share theirs with her as well. Her present residence is Brooklyn, New York, where she lives with her cat, Avery.
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